Lately we've been learning about the field of island biogeography, but so far every example we've looked at has been... an island. Today we're changing that by taking a look at three places that despite not exactly being land surrounded by water nonetheless experience the same evolutionary pressures as them.

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"Ave Marimba" Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com) Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 4.0 License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

"Deliberate Thought" Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com) Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 4.0 License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

"Silver Flame" Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com) Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 4.0 License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Additional music from: https://soundcloud.com/atlas-pro-music

Sources / Further Reading

https://www.pinnipeds.org/seal-information/species-information-pages/the-phocid-seals/baikal-seal

https://oceana.org/marine-life/bearded-seal/#:~:text=The%20bearded%20seal%20is%20the,of%20blubber%20under%20the%20skin.

https://peerj.com/articles/9387/

https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.458.1782&rep=rep1&type=pdf

https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Reconstruction-of-ice-dammed-lakes-and-rerouting-of-rivers-during-the-Early-Weichselian_fig2_237229721

https://bmcecolevol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12862-019-1470-8#:~:text=The%20amphipods%20(Amphipoda%2C%20Crustacea),the%20Angara%20River%20%5B4%5D.

https://bmcecolevol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12862-019-1470-8

https://bmcecolevol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12862-021-01806-9

https://www.reddit.com/r/MarineBiologyGifs/comments/4334k8/this_is_an_amphipod_from_lake_baikal_the_lake_is/

https://www.jstor.org/stable/20106209

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-021-89581-x

https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg22530020-100-spiny-monster-from-the-depths-of-worlds-oldest-lake/

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/agricultural-and-biological-sciences/phocidae

https://www.pnas.org/doi/10.1073/pnas.2014021117

https://geographical.co.uk/people/explorers/item/2715-islands-in-the-sky

https://www.sanbi.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/branch-bayliss-tolley-2014-pygmy-chameleons-rhampholeon-platyceps-complex-squamata-chamaeleonidae-de.pdf

https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Rhampholeon-maspictus-sp-nov-A-Holotype-B-Allotype-WR-Branch_fig5_263294877

https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/61364057/149767110

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZTMyDtHZXIc

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/gallery/2017/mar/25/the-hidden-treasures-of-mount-mabu-in-pictures

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-Z_H21bV-M4

https://www.fauna-flora.org/news/four-chameleon-species-discovered-in-mozambiques-sky-islands/

https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Study-area-northern-Mozambique-sky-islands-A-Mount-Mabu-B-Mount-Namuli-C-Mount_fig2_308699847

https://www.ingentaconnect.com/contentone/bhs/thj/2006/00000016/00000003/art00011?crawler=true

https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Map-of-Tanzania-with-localities-in-white-and-massifs-in-black-where-specimens-were_fig1_264712427

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-Z_H21bV-M4

http://novataxa.blogspot.com/2014/06/rhampholeon-montane-mozambique.html